Ochratoxin A: mycotoxin, nephrotoxin. carcinogen and teratogen. Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a para-chlorophenolic mycotoxin produced by Aspergillus and Penicillium fungi. It is a very common food contaminant found on grains, coffee beans, nuts, decaying vegetation, moldy cereals, and animal feeds.
DMSO, Methanol, Ethanol.
Ochratoxin A is a potent teratogen in mice, rats, hamsters and chickens, but not apparently in pigs when fed to sows during early pregnancy. Ochratoxin A is known to affect the immune system in a number of mammalian species